Development Contract

Development Contract signed

Aarhus University Development Contract 2008–2010 has now been signed by the Chairman of the Board and the Minister for Science, Technology and Innovation. The Development Contract is based on 40 indicators and describes the level of ambition for Aarhus University in the coming years. It includes a number of selected fields within research, education, dissemination of knowledge and research-based advice to the authorities.

Read the Development Contract below.

Aarhus University Development Contract 2008–2010

Aarhus University plays a distinctive role in society. In the years to come, it will assume its share of the responsibility for the many tasks within research, education, knowledge sharing and advice to the authorities. The university will also contribute to realising the ambitious goals specified in Denmark in the Global Economy – a strategy launched by the Danish Government.

The quality of the university’s research will continue to have the highest priority, and this research must also be given more exposure. The university will stimulate new departures in research by supporting innovative environments and core fields, with particular focus on establishing new research areas that can utilise the university’s academic diversity. The research-based advice to the authorities will also be strengthened by the inclusion of additional academic environments at the university.

In the field of education, the university will offer more degree programmes and degree combinations in the coming years that build on the university’s academic depth and extensive field of knowledge, as well as utilising the new opportunities created by the mergers. The university will expand its activities within continuing and further education, preferably with nationwide offers. In the area of PhD programmes, the university intends to increase its number of PhD students considerably.

The university will place considerable emphasis on communicating research results, and will take initiatives to increase the commercialisation of the part of research that has commercial potential. In addition, Aarhus University prioritises the dissemination of knowledge through its involvement in the Danish University Extension in Aarhus and at museums.

Aarhus University has entered into result contracts with the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries and the Ministry of the Environment for providing extensive research-based advice to the authorities in connection with food and environmental issues. In addition, the university undertakes forensic investigations on behalf of the Danish Ministry of Justice and the National Board of Industrial Injuries. The university wishes to maintain and further expand these activities during the strategy period. Aarhus University also wishes to establish an agreement with the Danish Ministry of Education regarding, among other things, activities relating to the Danish School of Education. Such an agreement can also include closer collaboration with relevant university colleges ( professionshøjskoler ).

In connection with listing data in the annual report on research-based advice to the authorities, Aarhus University will account for the contribution this task is estimated to make to the university’s education, quality of research and research collaboration with prominent foreign universities, and the university’s ability to attract EU funds and collaboration with the business community, as well as the impact the interaction with the university’s other activities is estimated to have on the research-based advice to the authorities.

International readiness, collaboration and commitment will be systematically supported and characterise all university activities.

In its strategy, Aarhus University has increased its focus on quality assurance and quality development. The university has adapted to the Bologna process at all levels and has established a large number of standards for methods of examination, the scope of modules and study components, as well as content and framework descriptions of all teaching activities. The university is ready to apply for an ECTS label when the deadline for the next round is announced.

Aarhus University has assured the quality of its degree programmes as regards the method of evaluation, the frequency of evaluation and plans for follow-up. In this regard, it complies with the provisions of the University Act regarding the distribution of competence and responsibility for the quality work through the hierarchy of dean, head of department/institute and director of studies. A systematic evaluation of the teaching is carried out in all degree programmes. The majority of the evaluations are published on the Internet, and by 2010, at the latest, all evaluations will be available here. In the past, the individual deans have initiated teaching evaluations as deemed necessary. In future, the university will increasingly link teaching evaluation with accreditation of the individual degree programme. Teaching evaluation will thus become a logical part of the accreditation process at the rate determined by the Accreditation Council.

Aarhus University is in the process of establishing a central quality assurance unit responsible for ensuring coherence between the accreditation work, the distribution of competence and responsibility set out in the University Act and new up-to-date quality assurance and quality development systems.

In mid-2008, once the National Audit Office’s ( Rigsrevisionen ) report on the status of the universities’ quality assurance systems and the Accreditation Agency’s accreditation process and implementation of criteria are known, the university will reformulate its policies and procedures for its quality work in the field of education based on a quality assurance conference. The aim is to create coherence between the university’s ambitious strategy for general quality assurance and other national and international quality assurance work.

As a follow-up on the mergers in 2007, an evaluation will be carried out in 2009 with a view to taking stock of the results achieved.

The activities mentioned here are described in further detail in Aarhus University Strategy 2008–2012 – Quality and Diversity , which is available at www.au.dk/en/strategy. This strategy is the first for the newly merged university, which has research, education and communication activities in more than 20 locations all over Denmark, with the activities in Aarhus being by far the most comprehensive. The development contract for the next three years should be seen in the light of the strategy plan that describes the overall prioritisations and focus areas of Aarhus University, and the financial framework that is expected to apply to Aarhus University during the contract period. The reasons for the development trends expressed in the development contract can be found in the strategy plan, and the development contract can thus not be read in isolation, but should be seen in the context of the more coherent presentation given in the strategy plan. The plan also mentions a large number of other focus areas not covered by this development contract and a number of general processes to be carried out during the period 2008 to 2010.

The indicators in the development contract are based on UBST’s (the Danish University and Property Agency) call for suggestions for development contracts for the universities dated 25 June 2007. Proposals put forward by UBST have been assessed specifically, and the extent to which these have not been fully adopted appears in the comments to the individual indicators in appendix 1 to the development contract.

Research

Activity

Indicator

Key figures

Research production

Number of research publications

2006:                 5,091 (4,940)
2008:                           5,100
2009:                           5,350
2010:                           5,575

Internationalisation of research

Number of foreign researchers attracted

2006:                              149
2008:                              180
2009:                              200
2010:                              220

Attraction of external non-government funds

EU funds

2006:             US$  17,827,665
2008:              US$ 21.6 million
2009:              US$ 24.0 million
2010:              US$ 26.4 million

Other private Danish and foreign funds 2006:             US$  71,645,445
2008:              US$ 72.4 million
2009:              US$ 77.4 million
2010:              US$ 82.4 million

PhD activity

Number of graduate schools

Aarhus University works with only a few graduate schools, but these are powerful and internationally prominent. The current quality assurance and development will be further strengthened during the contract period.

Newly enrolled PhD students

2006:                              318
2008:                              445
2009:                              481
2010:                              523

Number of degrees conferred

2006:                              223
2008:                              285
2009:                              311
2010:                              391

Degree programmes

Activity

Indicator

Key figures

New enrolments

Number of newly enrolled students

Newly enrolled Bachelor’s degree students:
2007:                           4,955
2008:                           5,232
2009:                           5,382
2010:                           5,467

Newly enrolled Master’s degree students:
2007:                           3,440
2008:                           3,779
2009:                           4,182
2010:                           4,370

Drop-outs

Drop-out percentage

Bachelor’s degree:
2006:                          35.9%
2008:                          33.1%
2009:                          31.9%
2010:                          30.4%

Master’s degree:
2006:                          11.2%
2008:                            9.5%
2009:                            8.8%
2010:                            8.0%

Completion time

Percentage of students completing their studies in the prescribed time or prescribed time + 1 year

Bachelor’s degree – prescribed time:
2006:                          39.0%
2008:                          38.0%
2009:                          39.5%
2010:                          41.2%

Bachelor’s degree – prescribed time + 1 year:
2006:                          55.0%
2008:                          55.8%
2009:                          58.1%
2010:                          60.3%

Master’s degree – prescribed time:
2006:                          11.5%
2008:                          18.2%
2009:                          23.1%
2010:                          28.1%

Master’s degree – prescribed time + 1 year:
2006:                          40.9%
2008:                          49.3%
2009:                          54.7%
2010:                          59.7%

The numbers include students on parental leave and sick leave, and students with special needs monitored by the university’s Centre for Counselling and Support.

Adjusting the figures to take account of these groups would provide a more accurate picture of the university’s work. The university has no influence on the numbers of students on parental leave or sick leave. The work of the Centre for Counselling and Support, which is increasing rapidly, produces a very positive result and a high completion rate, although the completion time is generally longer. This task, which is given high priority by the university, has important personal and societal outcomes, but has, in principle, a negative impact on this indicator.

Degree programmes adjusted to society’s needs

Unemployment figures for Master’s degree graduates

2005:                          6.6%
2008:                          6.3%*
2009:                          6.3%*
2010:                          6.3%*

*) Milestones and targets figures to be adjusted for economic trends – see note in appendix 1.

Entrepreneurship

Number of entrepreneurship courses offered – expressed in ECTS

2006:              52 courses     460 ECTS
2008:              71 courses     639 ECTS
2009:              81 courses     729 ECTS
2010:              92 courses     824 ECTS

Internationalisation of the degree programmes

Number of incoming and outgoing students

Incoming students:
2006:                              824
2008:                              925
2009:                           1,000
2010:                           1,075

Outgoing students:
2006:                              712
2008:                              775
2009:                              850
2010:                              925

Number of courses taught in English – expressed in ECTS

2006:             836 courses  6,021 ECTS
2008:             892 courses  6,491 ECTS
2009:             956 courses  7,017 ECTS
2010:          1,019 courses  7,514 ECTS

Number of complete degree programmes taught in English

2006:                                44
2008:                                52
2009:                                56
2010:                                63

Quality assurance of the degree programmes Degree programme quality Aarhus University carries out systematic evaluation of the teaching in all degree programmes. After each term, Aarhus University will use the teaching evaluations to monitor the quality of teaching and education in the university’s degree programmes.
Number of completed degree programmes for which the evaluation of the teaching is published on the Internet

2006:                             50%
2008:                             70%
2009:                             85%
2010:                           100%

Strategy for new methods of teaching/continuing teacher education

The number of course hours of continuing teacher education undertaken by the university’s teachers
2006:                         16,281
2008:                         17,000
2009:                         17,900
2010:                         18,800

Number of full-time equivalents employed to strengthen university pedagogics and didactics:
2007:                                13
2008:                                15
2009:                                19
2010:                                21

Percentage share of students acting as student counsellors with counselling training:
2007:                             60%
2008:                             75%
2009:                             90%
2010:                           100%

Study guidance activities

Number of full-time equivalents employed for student and career guidance:
2007:                           33.22
2008:                           38.00
2009:                           41.00
2010:                           44.00

Strategy for study environment

The considerable increase in activities in the coming years, particularly as a result of the decision by the Danish Parliament to increase investments in research and education, results in a great need for building extensions. A realistic estimate is that the increased activities will result in a need for approximately 20,000 m 2 floor space per year.

To meet this considerable challenge as regards the Aarhus-based part of the university, Aarhus University and UBST have initiated the preparation of a Vision Plan 2008–2028 . The aim is to develop planning that 1) ensures the necessary physical surroundings for the increased need, 2) maintains the overall aim of developing the Aarhus section of Aarhus University as a campus university in the vicinity of the University Park and 3) continues the development of Aarhus as a leading and attractive university city, strengthens the proximity of the city’s teaching and research institutions in the northern and central part of the city and thereby supports the concept of the Aarhus Campus, which has previously been presented to the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation.

Dissemination of knowledge

Activity

Indicator

Key figures

Continuing and further education

Collaboration with university colleges

During the contract period, Aarhus University will further expand its collaboration with the university colleges in the region – including collaboration about engineering degree programmes and teaching research, partly to cement an integrated partnership regarding teacher education.

Number of course participants

Number of fee-paying students:
2006:                           6,050
2008:                           6,200
2009:                           6,300
2010:                           6,400

Study fees

2006:            US$  13,169,760
2008:             US$ 15.0 million
2009:             US$ 15.3 million
2010:             US$ 15.6 million

Participation in the public debate

Number of written contributions to popular media

2006:                1,746 (1,719)
2008:                           2,100
2009:                           2,450
2010:                           2,750

Number of lectures open to the public

2006:                           4,368
2008:                           4,700
2009:                           4,850
2010:                           5,050

Participation in councils, committees and boards

2006:                           2,918
2008:                           3,000
2009:                           3,050
2010:                           3,100

Collaboration with the business community

Number of collaboration agreements

Number of collaboration agreements:
2006:                              276
2008:                              300
2009:                              325
2010:                              350

Number of reported inventions

Number of reported inventions:
2006:                                59
2008:                                85
2009:                              100
2010:                              110

Number and revenue from sold patents and licences

Number of sold patents and licences:
2006:                                  9
2008:                                13
2009:                                15
2010:                                17

Revenue from sold patents and licences:
2006:               US$    285,000
2008:               US$    760,000
2009:               US$ 1,000,000
2010:               US$ 1,200,000

Research-based advice to the authorities

Activity

Indicator

Key figures

Research-based advice to the authorities

Number of conferred PhD degrees

Conferred PhD degrees:
2006:                                34
2008:                                44
2009:                                53
2010:                                60

Income from advice to the authorities

Income from advice to the authorities:
2006:           US$     90,801,329
2008:             US$   95.2 million
2009:             US$ 100.4 million
2010:             US$ 103,4 million

Aarhus, 20 December 2007                      Copenhagen, 17 January 2008

Jens Bigum                                           Helge Sander

Chairman of the Board,                           Minister for Science,

Aarhus University                         Technology and Innovation

Appendix 1 – comments to the individual key figures and indicators

Research

Research production – number of research publications

Definition: RK j11.

The PURE research activity registration system is currently being implemented at Aarhus University. PURE corrects the numbers relating to publications with several authors so they only count once in the overall result. This correction has already been incorporated into the base figures for Aarhus University before the mergers, whereas other instances of author duplication will not occur until 2008. The number in brackets in the base figure indicates an estimate based on the shared use of PURE in 2006.

Internationalisation of research – attracting researchers from abroad

Definition: The number of new researchers employed whose latest place of employment was outside Denmark. Latest employment abroad: PhD degree or postdoctoral employment abroad. New employment in Denmark: Minimum of a postdoctoral position based on an employment contract.

Attraction of external non-government funds – EU funds

Definition: RK a31c.

Attraction of external, non-governmental funds – other private Danish and foreign funds

Definition: RK: a31b + a31d.

PhD activity – new PhD enrolments

Period covered: 1 January–31 December.

PhD activity – number of conferred PhD degrees

UBST’s proposed definition of the key figure – the number of approved dissertations – is not being used. To avoid parallel counting with marginal differences, Aarhus University instead calculates the number of conferred PhD degrees for the period 1 January–31 December.

Degree programmes

New enrolments – number of newly enrolled students

Definition: Newly enrolled Bachelor’s degree students RK f11. UBST’s proposed definition for a key figure for new enrolment of Master’s degree students, RK f13, is not being used, as it is based on three-year-old enrolment figures. Instead, the number of newly enrolled Master’s degree students in 2006/2007 (base figure) and 2008–2010 is used.

The KOT (Coordinated Enrolment System) number for new Bachelor’s degree enrolments has been corrected to take account of the number of dental hygienists, as this is not an academic degree programme.

The numbers are provisional. The final target figures and milestones will be determined once the final October 2007 figures are available.

Drop-outs – drop-out rate

Definition: RK g14 (Bachelor’s degree) and RK g24 (Master’s degree).

Completion time – percentage of students completing their studies in the prescribed time and prescribed time + 1 year

Definition: RK g11 (Bachelor’s degree, prescribed time), g12 (Bachelor’s degree, prescribed time + 1 year), g21 (Master’s degree, prescribed time) and g22 (Master’s degree, prescribed time + 1 year).

The apparent decrease from 2006 to 2008 in the number of students completing the Bachelor’s degree in the prescribed time is entirely due to the transition from undivided to divided degree programmes in the field of health sciences. All main academic areas plan to maintain or improve the completion rate for both Bachelor’s and Master’s degree programmes.

Degree programmes adapted to society’s needs – employment rate for graduates

The milestones and target figures stated for the employment rate of graduates presupposes unchanged economic conditions. The actual future employment figures must be adjusted for economic trend by indexing the number of new graduates in order to be comparable with the base figure. K t = U t /U 0 where U t is the unemployment rate in year t for all new graduates with long-term higher education and U 0 is the unemployment rate for the same group in the base year.

The actual indexed unemployment figures for year t, which can only be calculated once the index figures for year t are known, are compared with the development contract figures for milestones and targets for the indexed unemployment figures.

Entrepreneurship – number of courses in entrepreneurship – expressed in ECTS

Period of calculation: 1 February–31 January. It is difficult to define time limits for this activity. This is particularly so because the indicator does not completely comply with Aarhus University policy for the area in question. Part of the topics covered in the instruction in entrepreneurship should be an integral part of the relevant courses rather than being offered as special courses.

Internationalisation of the degree programmes – number of incoming and outgoing students

UBST’s proposed definition for a key figure, RK h11 (outgoing) and RK h12 (incoming) is not being used, as it is not possible to provide data that complies with the RK definition, i.e. advance approval of a minimum of 5 ECTS credits. Instead, the figures are based on the number of international subsidies triggered, corresponding to a minimum study period abroad of three months. Target figures and milestones have been indicated in the same manner.

During the contract period, Aarhus University will endeavour to develop a more representative indicator that can be supported by the IT system and cover all relevant study periods abroad.

Internationalisation of the degree programmes – number of courses offered in English – expressed in ECTS

Definition: The number of courses offered where it has been announced in advance that the course and the examination take place in English – expressed in ECTS credits.

Internationalisation of the degree programmes – number of entire degree programmes offered in English

Definition: The number of complete degree programmes where it has been announced in advance that the degree programme and the examinations take place in English.

Quality assurance of the degree programmes – number of subjects offered for which teaching evaluations are published on the Internet

The number of completed degree programmes is counted instead of the number of subjects offered. Period of calculation: 1 February–31 January. Some uncertainty is attached to the calculation of base figures and milestones. It is the policy of Aarhus University, however, to publish teaching evaluations of all teaching at the university no later than the end of the contract period.

Quality assurance of the degree programmes – strategy for new methods of teaching/continuing teacher education

Definition: A) The number of course hours of continuing teacher education undertaken by the university’s teachers.

The key figure is not currently supported by the IT system. The base figure for 2006 therefore only includes courses offered internally. The target figures and milestones for 2008/2010 include both internal and external activities.

Definition: B) The number of full-time equivalents employed to strengthen university pedagogics and didactics.

Quality assurance of the degree programmes – study guidance activities

Definition: A) Percentage share of students acting as student counsellors with counselling training. The training programmes cover future internal counsellor courses, external advanced study programmes and diploma and Master’s degree programmes in this field.

Aarhus University's student guidance strategy states that all students acting as student counsellors must complete counselling training.

The base figure is calculated on the basis of the actual number of students acting as student counsellors in 2007.

Definition B): The number of full-time equivalents employed to strengthen university pedagogics and didactics.

Dissemination of knowledge

Further and continuing education – number of participants

UBST’s proposed definition – RK f61 – is not being used. The definition is based on a count of unique civil register numbers, which is impossible for the newly merged Aarhus University to undertake. A count would require a correlation of the registers at the former University of Aarhus, the Aarhus School of Business, the Danish University of Education and the Herning Institute of Business Administration and Technology. It is also the opinion of the university that a calculation based on unique civil register numbers is not suitable for documenting activities in this area. Instead, the university uses the number of fee-paying students.

Continuing and further education – fee-paying students

Definition: RK a11b (self-funded students) + a11d (payment for activated students) + a12b (participant payment) + a12c (payment for activated students).

Participation in the public debate – number of written contributions

Definition: RK j21.

As previously mentioned, the PURE research activity registration system is currently being implemented at Aarhus University. PURE corrects the numbers relating to publications with several authors so they only count once in the overall result. This correction has already been incorporated into the base figures for Aarhus University before the mergers, whereas other instances of author duplication will not occur until 2008. The number in brackets in the base figure indicates an estimate based on the shared use of PURE in 2006.

Participation in the public debate – number of lectures open to the public

Definition: RK j22a.

Participation in the public debate – participation in academic councils, committees and boards

Definition: RK j22b minus participation in assessment committees.

Collaboration with the business community – number of collaboration agreements and revenue from them

Definition: The number of collaboration agreements that include an agreement regarding intellectual property rights. The figures also include agreements entered into with other parties than the “business community”.

UBST’s proposed indicator for revenue from collaboration agreements has not been incorporated into the development contract. “Revenue” as a concept does not make any sense in a collaboration agreement. Instead, the university has discussed with its auditors whether it is possible to define another more representative target figure. In their opinion, the recording should ideally be based on the number of completed working hours in the projects. This is not possible to do for the entire university. Alternative methods based entirely on turnover figures are not feasible either. A considerable number of relevant agreements are administered outside the university.

It is also the perception among the university’s auditors that any financial calculation should include all agreements in which private companies participate, i.e. also parts of the EU contracts, grants from the Danish National Advanced Technology Foundation, etc. Combined, this will not give a representative key figure for the indicator. We therefore suggest that any calculation of this part of the key figure should await the result of the ongoing work on this indicator.

Collaboration with the business community – number and revenue from the sale of patents and licences

The indicator is supplemented by data reflecting the number of reported inventions, as this indicator, in the opinion of the university, gives a more accurate picture of the actual activity in this field.

Research-based advice to the authorities

Research-based advice to the authorities – number of PhD degrees conferred

Definition: The number of PhD degrees conferred in the subject areas involved in providing advice to the authorities.

This indicator has been chosen to document the synergy with other activities at the university.

Research-based advice to the authorities – revenue from work for the authorities

The figures include advice to the authorities provided by the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences (a contract with the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries), the National Environmental Research Institute (a contract with the Ministry of the Environment) and the Faculty of Health Sciences (forensic medicine). The base figure for 2006 also comprises advice to the authorities provided by the Faculty of Social Sciences (the Danish Centre for Studies in Research and Research Policy). The responsibility for the production of statistics at the Danish Centre for Studies in Research and Research Policy has subsequently been transferred to the Ministry of Economic and Business Affairs. Other – but more scattered – activities aimed at providing advice to the authorities also take place in the other main academic areas.