The Singapore Statement and the Montreal Statement
The Singapore Statement from 2010 is an international initiative aiming to develop joint principles, definitions and guidelines for research integrity and responsible conduct of research worldwide. In the autumn of 2013, the Singapore Declaration was supplemented by a Montreal Statement with recommendations on how to ensure research integrity in collaborative research projects spanning countries, research disciplines and sectors.
The European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity
The European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity from 2011 was prepared by the European Science Foundation (ESF) in cooperation with the ALLEA (European Federation of all Academies for Sciences and Humanities). The document testifies to agreement among approx. 30 European countries on an overall set of principles on research integrity and it also contains a series of recommendations and proposals for precise procedures for the handling of breaches with responsible conduct of research.
In 2012, the global network of scientific academies organised under the InterAcademy Council prepared the report ”Responsible Conduct in Global Research Enterprise”. The report addresses the challenges imposed on the field of science by the increase in global research, and is a joint effort to achieve a clear consensus on joint scientific core values and responsible behaviour in global research practice.
In 2012, the international association of universities, the IAU-MCO, adopted a document outlining institution-level ethical guidelines for institutions of higher education. The document presents a range of fundamental values and principles that institutions are to uphold and provides instructions detailing how these may be integrated into the institution's strategies and policies.
The Global Research Council
On its annual meeting in Berlin in April of 2013, the Global Research Council, counting approx. 70 research fund directors from across the world adopted a statement on integrity in research and an Action Plan towards Open Access to Publications.
The Vancouver guidelines (ICMJE)
The Vancouver authorship guidelines − the "uniform requirements" − were prepared by The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, "The Vancouver Group" and have since been adopted by 600 medical journals. The rules define authorship and outline clear criteria for co-authorship to be fulfilled by every individual researcher.